Camels are one of the largest animals found in the desert and semi-desert regions of Africa and Asia. Camels are working animals especially suited to their desert habitat and are a vital means of transport for passengers and cargo. There are three surviving species of camel. The one-humped dromedary makes up 94% of the world’s camel population, and the two-humped Bactrian camel makes up 6%. The Wild Bactrian camel is a separate species and is now critically endangered.
The central belief about camels is that they were mainly used to transport goods by nomads. While the theory is correct, there is more to camels than their use for transportation. Here are ten amazing facts about a camel.
Camels Can Do Without Water For Weeks
The average time a human body can go without water is three days, but a camel survives much longer than that. Camels are nicknamed the “ship of the desert” for their ability to go without water for weeks. This is because their body structure has very few sweat glands, which helps reduce water loss in extreme temperatures.
In winter, camels can stay without water for more than five months. They utilize the stored water in their body system.
Camel Body Part Called Humps Are Used For Storing Fat
When your body stores fat in the adipose tissue located on the skin, camels store fat in their hump. The hump is a prominent structure located on the back of a camel. Depending on the species of camel, camels may have one or two humps.
The hump serves as a storage place for fat. Camels use fat stored during periods of drought for nutritional purposes. The use of stored fat leads to a reduction in the size of the hump. In addition, when there is a lack of water, the fat in the humpback can turn into water. In addition, the hump acts as a thermostat for the camel. It helps to adjust the camel’s body to the outside temperature of the environment.
There Are Just Two Known Types Of Camel
In the world, there are just two types of camel, and they are differentiated through their hump. The first major type is the dromedary camel, also called the Arabian camel. They are known to have only one hump.
The second type of camel is known as the Bactrian camel, which possess two humps. The dromedary camel is domesticated primarily, while some Bactrian are domesticated, and the rest are wild.
Camels Have The Capability To Carry Heavy Loads
The body of the camel is built to be able to move very heavy loads. An average camel can take more than 440 pounds of load at a particular time. Another interesting fact is that the camel has two legs on the same side which can move together while walking. Also, the fat stored in their hump enables them to walk without a break for water or food. They also have an average speed of 30mph.
How camels protect Them from sandstorm
Camels have three sets of eyelids and two rows of eyelashes to keep sand out of their eyes. Camels have thick lips which let them forage for thorny plants other animals can’t eat. Camels can completely shut their nostrils during sandstorms. The eyelids of the camel protect the animal’s eyes from dust and grains of sand. However, they are also transparent and that enables it to see even with its eyes closed which would come in handy in the midst of a sandstorm. Its long, thick eyelashes are created to prevent dust from getting into the eyes.
In addition, Camel’s ears are covered with hair, even on the inside. The hair helps keep out sand or dust that might blow into the animal’s ears.