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Amazon Tree Boa

Amazon Tree Boa Scientific Classification

Amazon Tree Boa Appearance

Adults average 1.5 to 2 m in length. This species exhibits a great variety of colors and patterns. Base colors range from black, brown, or gray to shades of red, orange, yellow, or many colors in between. Some are completely patternless, while others are mottled, striped, and saturated with rhombus and chevron shapes. Some reds have yellow markings, while others are yellow with red or orange markings. Although not ontogenetic like emerald tree boas, there are generally two hues that are genetically inherited. caninus and green tree python Morelia viridis. “Garden phase” refers to boas that have a uniform color, usually brown or olive, with varying patterns, while “color phase” refers to animals with a combination of red, orange, and yellow colors.

Unlike the green tree python and emerald tree boa, Amazon tree boas don’t change colors as they mature. Aside from their patterns, which develop as they grow, they’re born with the color they’ll be as adults.

This species has large eyes with elliptical pupils that often match their body color. Amazon tree boas have excellent eyesight that they use during the day. Their heat-sensing pits are located along the upper and lower lip, and they use them at night to locate their prey. Their long, needle-like teeth and strong jaws make a bite painful, but they’re not venomous. So, the most you’ll have is a tooth left behind and possibly an infection if you don’t keep the area clean.

Scientific Name and Classification

The Amazon tree boa is a member of the Boidae family of nontoxic constrictors. Its scientific name is Corallus hortulana. Some sources list it as Corallus hortulanus. Coral boas are native to Central America, South America and the West Indies. Its particular name, Hortulana, refers to the gardens where many residents can see these snakes.

This species has several common names. Near Amazon-Baumboa, it is also called gartenboa, gartenbaumboa, Amazonian garden boa, Amazonian arboicultural boa, garten boa, arboricola del amazonas, amazon boa.

Amazon Tree Boa Behavior

This species lives most of its life in trees, although it sometimes curls up in a safe hiding place on the ground. Amazonian beetles are solitary and can be active both day and night. However, they are most active at dusk and earlier at night when temperatures are a bit cooler and their prey is just starting to move.

Some breeders report that they do not tend to bite. However, this is not the norm. These snakes are not shy when using their long and sharp teeth, although they are not as long as the emerald snakes (Corallus caninus) they are still very scary. The Amazon beetle is known for its aggression and this is a rare snake that will not attack a trainer. When they attack, it’s usually in the face.

Although aggressive, it is their adaptability that helps them adapt to captivity. This tendency to smash things is why most people try to keep these snakes in enclosed areas away from major traffic areas. Some keepers say that handling these snakes at night increases the chance of being bitten as they are mainly nocturnal, so it is best to handle them during the day.

amazon tree boa yellow pair ( photograph by Camilla Bjerke )

Amazon Tree Boa Habitat and Diet

Of all the snakes in the Amazon, this one has one of the most diverse ecological niches. These snakes can be found in many regions of the Amazon, including Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. Primarily woody, they are found covering the branches of trees in wild forests as well as fruit plantations. They are at home in the trees of the garden like they are in the wild and isolated forests. These snakes are very adaptable and live at altitudes from sea level up to 3,000 meters.

Its diet includes rats, mice, bats, lizards, frogs, and birds. Amazon beetles use their birth stories to hang from tree branches waiting for their prey to get close enough. Watching them feed itself is interesting. They can take their portion, curl up and twitch, and eat it all without ever leaving their perch.

Predators, Threats, Population, and Conservation

According to a 2013 IUCN assessment, there may be local threats such as habitat loss and abuse (it looks like a viper). However, there are no common threats. However, they need trees to live, so complete deforestation will decimate them. Amazonian boas are common and widespread in their range, but it is also possible that overharvesting for the pet trade may affect the species.

These snakes fall prey to other carnivores; birds of prey and other larger animals will eat them if given a chance.

Amazon tree boas have several naturally-occurring colors – including red.

Amazon Tree Boa Reproduction, Babies, and Lifespan

Amazonian boas can live for over 15 years, and the species becomes sexually mature between two and five years of age. Males are usually younger when they reach adulthood, as females need to grow a bit more in size to be able to raise their young until they are born.

Mating usually takes place between December and March. These snakes, like other snakes, do not lay eggs. Females carry their young for seven to ten months until they are ready to be born. Usually, a woman gives birth to 4 to 10 hatches from September to November. After the first ruble, the newborn will have its first meal.

Amazon Tree Boa Facts!

  1. Amazon tree boas spend most of their lives in trees and only rarely come to the ground, but sometimes find a quiet corner on the ground to rest.
  2. They are still very common in the wild but very difficult to find when you go looking for them.
  3. These snakes have two genetically inherited phases, the garden phase and the colored phase.

Amazon Tree Boa FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

We do not recommend the Amazon boa as your first pet snake; this completely depends on how difficult it is to prove and overwhelm the new Guardians. Care like breeding is simple and really easy to maintain once set up. Similar to a corn snake or other commonly kept pet snakes.

The Amazon Tree Boa can grow to between 5 feet and 7 feet in length. Males and females are similar in size. The average weight of an adult is between 1 and 3 pounds.

The Amazon tree boa is also known as the Garden tree boa. Amazon tree boas are aggressive and will attack humans without warning, though only adults pose any serious danger to humans as this species is non-venomous.

Amazon tree boas are not handling snakes, if you own one they will bite you, a lot. It does not hurt but this will throw a lot of people off these amazing snakes. Ease of keeping as a pet: A big challenge, not recommended for a new keeper.

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